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About Mumbai

About Mumbai – Description

The history of Mumbai recounts the growth of a collection of islands on the western coast of India becoming the commercial and cultural capital of the nation and one of the most populous cities in the world. Although the islands were inhabited by humans since the Stone Age, the city was founded by Portuguese and British colonists in the 17th century. The city was named Bombay by the Portuguese and it served as the city's official name until 1995, when it was changed to Mumbai, and both names are popularly and commonly used. Its inhabitants are informally known as Bombayites or Mumbaikars. The present city was originally made up of seven small islands, composing mostly of mangrove forests and marshland dissected by rivers, streams and the sea. Fishing villages and settlements of the Koli and Aagris tribes developed on these islands, and the area became a centre for Hindu and Buddhist and Christian culture and religion under the Maurya Empire. Many of the Koli were christains from the early ages.

The ancient port of Sopara served to connect western India with West Asia, and in the 9th century the area came under the rule of the Silhara dynasty, before falling in 1343 to the Muzaffarid dynasty of Gujarat. The arrival of the Portuguese in India in 1498 resulted in them appropriating much of the west coast of India. In 1508, Francis Almeida sailed in the archipelago and named it Bom Bahia or "Good Bay." In 1661 the seven islands were ceded to Charles II of England as the dowry of Catherine de Braganza. The islands were leased to the British East India Company in 1668.

The British undertook land-filling and draining of the marshlands, developing a modern port and city, which attracted migrant workers from across India. In the 19th century, Mumbai emerged as an important centre of international commerce, industry and culture and in the 20th century, it became an important centre for politics and government, becoming a strong base of the Indian independence movement. Following India's independence in 1947, the city's population has expanded exponentially. Modern service, commerce and technology sectors have replaced the older, heavier industries and the expansion of city limits has been accompanied by the foundation of the sister city of Navi Mumbai. Although suffering from widespread crime, pollution, and overpopulation, Mumbai remains the most attractive centre of life, culture and commerce in India, with its inhabitants enjoying a far higher quality living conditions and a vibrant, modern economy and urban infrastructure.

Foundation of Mumbai city In 1782 William Hornby, then Governor of Bombay Presidency, initiated the project of connecting the isles. The Hornby Vellard was the first of the engineering projects, started in 1784, despite opposition from the directors of the East India Company. The cost of the vellard was estimated at Rs. 100,000. The project gained momentum in 1817, and by 1845 the seven southern islands had been connected to form Old Bombay, with an area of 435 km². Railway viaducts and road bridges were built in the 19th century to connect Bombay island to Sashti, and Sashti to the mainland. These railway lines encouraged wealthier merchants to build villas on Sashti, and by 1901 the population of Sashti was 146,993, and became known as Greater Bombay. The channels separating Bombay and Trombay islands from Sashti Island were filled in the early 20th century. Charles II, eager to set up base in India, leased the islands in 1668 to the fledgling British East India Company for a paltry sum of £ 10 per annum in gold. The company, in search of a deep water port for its large vessels, found the deep harbour opposite for this purpose. After the East India Company shifted base to the islands in 1668, Sir George Oxenden became the first governor of the new province. He was succeeded by Gerald Aungier in 1672. He offered various incentives to skilled workers and traders to move to this British possession. The opportunities for business attracted many communities from Gujarat — the Parsis, the Dawoodi Bohras, the Jews and the Gujarati community. Aungier was given the title "Father of Bombay" by historians as it was his foresight to develop the islands into a centre of commerce to rival other ports which were in the hands of other kingdoms which resulted in the boom in the economy. He fortified defences by embarking on the construction of the Bombay Castle and established courts of law to provide justice.

In 1682, the Company fortified an isle — The Middle Ground Coastal Battery in the archipelago to curb the sea piracy in the area. Later a marine police force comprising of Bhandaris were stationed there to keep an eye on the pirates who used to board the ships. The police were a formidable sight and soon the area was devoid of pirates. After surpassing Surat in importance as the Company's chief port on the west coast the population was estimated to rise from 10,000 in 1661 to 60,000 by 1675. In 1687, the presidency of the East India Company shifted from Surat to Bombay and consequently it became its headquarters in 1708. In 1715 the construction of Bombay Castle was finished. The southern limit of the castle was the present day Flora Fountain area where a gate stood. The castle also known as Fort St George or Bombay Fort fortified the island of Bombay from a sea attack by the Portuguese and Mughals. This enclave proved to be a safe haven for many skilled workers away from the power struggles on the mainland. The shipbuilding industry moved to Bombay from Surat with the coming of the Wadias who were Parsis. In 1753, the Naval Dockyard was opened which remains the oldest docks in the city. Artisans from Gujarat, such as goldsmiths, ironsmiths and weavers moved to the islands and coexisted with the slave trade from Madagascar. During this time period, the first land-use laws were set up in Bombay, segregating the British part of the islands from the black town. In 1757, Kamathis, construction workers from Andhra Pradesh arrived here and set up base. The region was the low-lying area near present day Mahalaxmi. The region became known as Kamathipura, now notorious for its red-light area. In 1794 the Presidency Post Office was established.

Book Mumbai hotels online with MUMBAI HOTEL GURU Luxury hotels in Mumbai are available at budget rates. Cheap hotel deals on star hotels, economical hotels and online reservation of Mumbai hotel rooms.

Mumbai, as the commercial capital of the country, abounds in Hotels. Mumbai is known to be the center of industry, transportation and communication. Its fine harbor on the Arabian Sea makes it one of the world's busiest ports. The main attractions of the city are the Gateway of India, The Prince of Whales Museum, Hutatma Chowk, Marine drive and many more. The deceptively calm sea, beaches and fishing boats add life to the city.

About Mumbai

  

Introduction to Mumbai

Welcome to Mumbai, the business, industrial, financial, and celluloid hub of India. Mumbai is also often referred to as the city that never sleeps. This city of dreams was once presented to King Charles II in 1661 as part of the dowry when he married Princess Catherine de Braganza of Portugal. Today, it is the state capital of Maharashtra and the financial capital of India. To the tourists Mumbai offers an amazing array of places to visit. There are excellent excursion options to the neighboring hill stations and ancient caves from Mumbai. For the shoppers and the food freaks, Mumbai is an absolute visit.




History of Mumbai

MUMBAI Formerly known as Bombay or today's Mumbai is an amalgamation of seven islands (Colaba, Mumbai, Mazagaon, Old Woman's island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga Sion.) The Portuguese called the islands "Bombay" meaning "Good Bay". These islands were ruled by the Hindu dynasties, the Muslims and then were presented to King Charles II in 1661 as part of the dowry when he married Princess Catherine de Braganza of Portugal. Bombay was handed over to the East India Company in 1668. It started growing as a trade center owing to shift of the shipbuilding industry from Surat. The opening of the Suez Canal after the American Civil War enabled export of cotton from Bombay. It also played an important role in the freedom struggle of India. The first Indian National Congress was hosted in Bombay in 1885. Bombay was also the capital of the Bombay Presidency that was divided into Gujarat and Maharsahtra. Since 1996, Bombay has been officially known as Mumbai, derived from the name of Goddess Mumbadevi. 

Fast Food restaurants in Mumbai

In order to help the people of Mumbai cope up with the fast paced metropolitan life, several fast-food restaurants have mushroomed. The fast food restaurants dot Mumbai and offer lip-smacking specialties. You may feast your taste buds on the multi-culinary delicacies served on the beachside or in the posh restaurants. South Indian fare, Gujarati thalis, Chinese, typical North Indian Mughlai food and continental cuisines are easily available at the fast food restaurants. Mumbai is known for its pav bhaji, bhel puri and kababs. 

Shopping in Mumbai

Mumbai is a shopper's paradise with bargain buys, exclusive boutiques, ethnic markets and mini bazaars. The bazaars of Kalbadevi and Bhuleshwar are must visits while in Mumbai. The Mangaldas Market, Zaveri Bazaar, and Chor Bazaar are amongst the best-known shopping places of Mumbai. The Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Market or the Crawford Market is renowned for offering the best of fruits and vegetables in Mumbai. 

Theatre in Mumbai

Mumbai is renowned for its music and theatre activities. Several theatre performances are held in Marathai, Hindi, Gujarati and English. There are many theatre halls in Mumbai as well as its suburbs. The National Centre for the Performing Arts (NCPA) at Nariman Point and the Prithvi Theatre in Juhu are known for regular theatre performances. 

Mumbai also happens to be the celluloid capital of India. Mumbai is home to the country's first Imax dome theatre as well as cinema multiplex. This theatre, with its unusual movie experience and international appeal promises to attract locals and tourists alike. Mumbai also has famous film studios like Film City in Goregaon, Natraj in Andheri, and RK Studio in Chembur. 

Culture of Mumbai
Culturally, Mumbai is renowned for its film industry, which is also called Bollywood. Cinema is very popular throughout India and the city is responsible for the majority of the Hindi-language films that are made in the country. The annual Mumbai International Film Festival of Mumbai is a major event in the cinematic calendar. The film festival is staged at various venues across Mumbai during the month of February. 

General Information on Mumbai


Population

11, 914, 398 (2001)

Festivals

Ganesh Chaturthi (late August-early September), Navratri (October-November), Gokul Ashtami (mid-August), and Holi (mid-March)

Clothes

Cotton clothing is ideal for summers Light woolens are apt for winters

Climate

October to March is the best time to visit

Language

Marathi, English and Hindi

 

 










Places to Visit in Mumbai

Gateway of India

One of the major landmarks of Mumbai is the Gateway of India. Situated at the Apollo Bunder, the Gateway of India was built in honour of King George V and Queen. You may enjoy a ferry ride across the harbour to the Elephanta Island. At the Island, the Shiva temple is a must visit for its exquisite rock-cut structures. 

Prince of Wales Museum
A major tourist attraction in Mumbai is the Prince of Wales museum. The lovely landscape of the Museum is worth visiting for its collection of art, sculpture, rare coins, old firearms and a priceless collection of miniature paintings. Built in the year 1914, the museum remains one of the best museums in the country. 

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus 

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as the Victoria Terminus is one of the architectural wonders of Mumbai. The elegant British building of 1888 makes Mumbai terminus one of the finest stations in the world. Exquisite sculptures of animals and birds decorate the façade and the statue of Queen Victoria adorns the dome. 

For the art lovers, the Jehangir Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Modern Art are must visits in Mumbai. Similarly, the nature lovers should not miss the Hanging Gardens, Victoria Gardens and the Kamla Nehru Park of Mumbai. 

Marine Drive, Chowpatty Beach, Malabar Hill and the Juhu Beach are the other places of tourist interest in Mumbai. 

There are several places around Mumbai that make excellent weekend trip and excursion options. The Buddhist caves of Karla and Kanheri are amongst the best excursions. For the nature freaks the hill stations of Matheran, Khandala and Lonavala make great holiday destinations close to Mumbai. 

Places of Worship in Mumbai

Siddhivinayak Temple 

One of the most popular places of worship in Mumbai is the Siddhivinayak Temple, dedicated to Lord Ganesha. The temple was rebuilt on the site of a 200-year old temple. The black stone idol of Lord Ganesh, in the temple is two and a half feet in height and two feet in width. Several devotees throng this temple in the Prabha Devi area of Mumbai.

Jain Temple 

Situated on the Malabar Hill is the Jain temple of Mumbai. The frescoes of the temple depict various events in the lives of 24 Jain Tirthankaras. Pilgrims from far and away visit Mumbai to worship in the temple. 

Mahalaxmi Temple 

The Mahalaxmi Temple of Mumbai is dedicated to Mahalaxmi, the goddess of wealth. The temple is situated on B. Desai Road - residential and shopping area of Mumbai. The holy temple attracts thousands of devotees every year. 

St. John's Church 

The Afghan Church or the St. John's Church is a place of tourist interest in Mumbai. The church is dedicated to the British soldiers, who lost their lives in the Sindh and Afghan campaigns during 1838 and 1843. 

Mumba Devi Temple 

The Mumba Devi temple is dedicated to Goddess Mumbadevi, the patron of Mumbai city. Goddess Mumbadevi is often referred to as the resident deity of Mumbai. The city derives its name from this sixth century old temple. Several devotees flock to this temple at Bhuleshwar.



CountryAddress of the ConsulateFranceDattaprasad, 2nd Flr., 10, N.G.X Rd., Behind New Activity high School, Peddar Rd., Mumbai-26GermanyHoechst House, 10th Flr.,Nariman Point, Mumbai-21.ItalyAnnarita Violaut Kanchanjunga Bldg., 72, G.DeshmukhRd., Mumbai-26Singapore94, Sakhar Bhavan, Nariman Point, Mumbai-21United Kingdom (Britain)Maker Chamber IV, Nariman Point, Mumbai-21U.S.A.Lincoln House, 78, Bhulabhai Desai Rd., Mumbai-26. Ph.:3633611/7407/7408 Fax:3630350

Holiday in Mumbai
Travel to India's West Coast and have an enjoyable holiday in Mumbai. There's lots to see and do, while you're on a holiday in Mumbai. You can have fun on the beaches in Mumbai, take a trip out to Elephanta island, shop in the vibrant Mumbai markets, or watch a movie being made at Mumbai Film City. If you have more serious tastes, then there are a number of excellent museums and art galleries that you can explore on your holiday in Mumbai.Mumbai A city pulsating with energy and glamour, Mumbai is a trend-setting city in India and a great place to visit for a memorable holiday. Have the time of your life on a holiday in Mumbai India. 

Airline offices in Mumbai

There are several airline offices in Mumbai. Addresses of some of the major domestic and international airlines are: 


Airline Name

Airline Office Address

Domestic Airlines

Indian Airlines

Air India Building,
1st Floor,
Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021

Jet Airways

Amarchand Mansion,
Next to Golden Gate Restaurant,
Madam Cama Road,
Fort,
Mumbai 400 039

Sahara Airlines

G-6, Maker Chamber 221,
Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021.

International Airlines

Air India Ltd

Air India Building,
Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021

Air France

Maker Chamber VI,
Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021.

British Airways

202-B, Vulcan Insurance Building,
Veer Nariman Road,
Churchgate,
Mumbai 400 020.

Cathay Pacific

3rd Floor,
Bajaj Bhavan,
Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021

Emirates

Mittal Chambers,
228, Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines

Khaitan Bhavan,
198, J. Tata Road,
Churchgate,
Mumbai 400 020

Lufthansa

Express Tower,
Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021.

Singapore Airlines

Taj Intercontinental,
Apollo Bunder,
Mumbai 400 001.

Swiss Air

Maker Chamber VI,
Nariman Point,
Mumbai 400 021.


 

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